Admiral James L. Holloway III, US Navy
(Ret.) is the author of Aircraft Carriers at War: A Personal Retrospective of Korea, Vietnam, and the Soviet Confrontation
and Aircraft Carriers, All the Questions You Ever Wondered About but Were Afraid to Ask.
According to the book description
of Aircraft Carriers at War: A Personal Retrospective of Korea, Vietnam, and the Soviet Confrontation,
“Adm. James Holloway describes this book as a contemporary perspective of the events, decisions, and outcomes in the
history of the Cold War Korea, Vietnam, and the Soviet confrontation that shaped today s U.S. Navy and its principal ships-of-the-line,
the large-deck, nuclear-powered aircraft carriers. Without question, the admiral is exceptionally well qualified to write
such an expansive history. As a carrier pilot in Korea, commander of the Seventh Fleet in Vietnam, Chief of Naval Operations
in the mid-1970s, and then as a civilian presidential appointee to various investigative groups, Holloway was a prominent
player in Cold War events.
he casts an experienced eye at the battles, tactics, and strategies that defined the period abroad and at home. Holloway's
first-person narrative of combat action conveys the tense atmosphere of hostile fire and the urgency of command decisions.
His descriptions of conversations with presidents in the White House and of meetings with the Joint Chiefs in the war room
offer a revealing look at the decision-making process. Whether explaining the tactical formations of road-recce attacks or
the demands of taking the Navy s first nuclear carrier into combat, Holloway provides telling details that add valuable dimensions
to the big picture of the Cold War as a coherent conflict. Few readers will forget his comments about the sobering effect
of planning for nuclear warfare and training and leading a squadron of pilots whose mission was to drop a nuclear bomb.
Both wise and entertaining, this book helps readers
understand the full significance of the aircraft carrier s contributions. At the same time, it stands as a testament to those
who fought in the long war and to the leadership that guided the United States through a perilous period of history while
avoiding the Armageddon of a nuclear war.”
Admiral James L. Holloway III,
US Navy (Ret.) is a former Chief of Naval Operations. The following is taken from Biographies in Naval History” “Admiral
Holloway graduated from the US Naval Academy in June of 1942 as a member of the first three-year class accelerated by World
War II. In that war he served in destroyers on North Atlantic convoy duty, in North African waters and in the Pacific where
he participated in the Saipan, Tinian, and Palaus campaigns and the Battle of Leyte Gulf. He was gunnery officer of USS Bennion
(DD-662) which at the Battle of Surigao Strait took part in a night torpedo attack which sank the Japanese battleship Yamashiro,
assisted in the destruction of the Japanese destroyer Asagumo, attacked the cruiser Mogami with torpedoes, and then the following
day shot down two Japanese Zeroes at short range. For this service he received the Bronze Star and Navy Commendation Medals.
After World War II he became a naval aviator.
He made two carrier tours to Korea, flying Grumman F9F-2 Panther jets on combat missions against the North Korean and Chinese
Communists. He assumed command of Fighting Squadron 52 when his commanding officer was shot down. He was awarded the Distinguished
Flying Cross and three Air Medals during the Korean War, and shared in a Navy Unit Commendation awarded to the carrier USS
Valley Forge (CV-45).
In 1958, as Commanding
Officer of Attack Squadron 83, flying Douglas A-4 Skyhawks from the carrier USS Essex (CVA-9), he covered the Marine landings
in Lebanon and flew patrols in support of US operations there until Essex was redeployed through the Suez Canal to join the
Seventh Fleet in the Formosa Straits. There he flew missions in defense of Quemoy and Matsu against the threat of a Chinese
Communist invasion of those offshore islands.
From 1965 to 1967 he commanded USS Enterprise (CVA(N)-65), the Navy's first, and at that time, only nuclear-powered
aircraft carrier for two combat cruises in the Gulf of Tonkin against the North Vietnamese. Enterprise established a record
for the number of combat sorties flown, won the Battle Efficiency “E” award for the best carrier in the fleet,
and was awarded a Navy Unit Commendation. He twice received the Legion of Merit for his leadership.
Returning to the Pentagon,
in 1968 he established the Navy's Nuclear Powered Carrier Program, building USS Nimitz (CVAN–68) and paving the
way for nine more supercarriers of this class. He was awarded the Navy's Distinguished Service Medal for this achievement.
In 1970, he was Commander of the Carrier
Striking Force of the Sixth Fleet and deployed to the Eastern Mediterranean to conduct carrier air operations in reaction
to the Syrian invasion of Jordan. After the strong US military response brought about the withdrawal of the Syrian forces,
his task force covered the evacuation of an Army MASH (Mobile Army Surgical Hospital) unit from Amman, Jordan, by a Marine
Expeditionary Group. For his performance of duty he was awarded a second Distinguished Service Medal and shared in a Meritorious
Unit Commendation awarded to his flagship, the carrier USS Independence (CVA-62).
He took command of the
US Seventh Fleet in 1972 during the Vietnam War, and personally led a cruiser-destroyer gunfire strike against the main North
Vietnamese port of Haiphong. During Operation Linebacker Two, he directed the massive carrier strikes against Hanoi which
were a part of the intensive joint air effort which led to the Vietnam cease-fire in 1973. Under his command the Seventh Fleet
subsequently performed the airborne mine clearing operations in North Vietnam ports in accordance with the terms of the Paris
Peace Accords. For duty as Commander, Seventh Fleet, he received a third Distinguished Service Medal.
As Chief of Naval Operations from 1974 to 1978,
he was a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), and served as Chairman of the JCS during the evacuation of Cyprus; the
rescue of the merchant ship SS Mayaguez and its crew, and punitive strike operations against the Cambodian forces involved
in its seizure; the evacuation of US nationals from Lebanon; and the Korean DMZ (demilitarized zone) incident in August 1976,
which led to an ultimatum and an armed standoff between the Allied and North Korean armies before the North Koreans backed
down. For this service he was presented a fourth Navy Distinguished Service Medal and two awards of the Defense Distinguished