Lieutenant Colonel Theodore J. Crackel,
USA (ret.), was a visiting professor of history at West Point during its bicentennial year and has been the Director and Editor
in chief of Papers of the War Department and is the Editor-in-Chief of the George Washington Papers. Theodore
J. Crackel is the author of West Point: A Bicentennial History and Mr. Jefferson's Army: Political and Social
Reform of the Military Establishment, 1801-1809.
According to the book description
of West Point: A Bicentennial History, “Grant. Pershing. Eisenhower. Schwartzkopf. The United
States Military Academy has shaped America's senior military leaders from the sons--and now daughters--of farmers and
shopkeepers, laborers and bankers. Now celebrating its two hundredth anniversary, West Point and its legacy continue to support
and reflect the nation it serves.
Authored by Theodore Crackel, one of the nation's premier authorities on the academy, West Point: A Bicentennial
History celebrates one of America's most prominent establishments. A revision and refinement of the author's earlier
Illustrated History of West Point, published more than ten years ago, it provides the most accurate and comprehensive history
yet available on the academy. It features new research and new perspectives in every chapter, adds a decade of coverage, and
has garnered the West Point Bicentennial Committee's official seal of approval.
Crackel tells how the institution
was created to embody the vision of Thomas Jefferson and expands our knowledge of the additional contributions of the Adams
administration to its founding. He reveals how the academy developed to meet the needs of American expansion by integrating
civil engineering into its early curriculum, then tells how cadets experienced growing sectional tensions as the nation headed
toward civil war. Along the way, he explains how the familiar physical presence of West Point evolved, offering new insights
on decisions to adopt its classic Tudor-gothic architecture.
In its chronological account of West Point's history, the book
traces a number of themes: cadet and faculty life, institutional governance, curriculum development, physical expansion, growing
diversity among the cadet corps, and the tensions between the school's superintendents and its academic board, who often
had competing visions for the academy and its future. In following the lives of cadets and officers, Crackel also offers a
fresh look at the treatment of black cadets in the nineteenth century and a new analysis of their experience in the twentieth,
as well as a look at the place of women in the corps since the graduation of the first female in 1980.
To understand West Point is to better
understand the country its graduates are sworn to protect and defend. This bicentennial history honors that institution as
no other book does and shows how it has endowed the select of America's youth with dedication to its motto: duty, honor,
According to one reader of Mr.
Jefferson's Army: Political and Social Reform of the Military Establishment, 1801-1809, “Theodore
Crackle’s Mr Jefferson's Army is an excellent study of Thomas Jefferson's reform of the US military. Jefferson
republicanized the military by downsizing and making it more efficient. He removed hostile Federalist officers who were adverse
to republican principles. Jefferson is often criticized by people who like a standing military and bureaucracy. Jefferson
saw both as hostile to liberty and the Republic. Crackel details how Jefferson remodeled the military by creating military
academies such as West Point, and the Army Corp of Engineers. Jefferson saw the military no different than other aspects of
society- to be republicanized. Overall a great read.”